This article details the history of Bandung from the first settlement until the 21st century. Bandung is a town in the western part of Java Island in Indonesia. Beside its city management, Bandung also functions as the capital of the West Java province and the seat of their chief (bupati) of Bandung regency.
Although the oldest reference to the city Dates back to 1488, in which it had been the capital of the Kingdom of Pajajaran, there have been some historical indications of Australopithecus or even Java Man, residing from the banks of Cikapunding river and around the old lake of Bandung.
Indies business (VOC), created a small plantation area in the prosperous Bandung region.
In 1809, Louis Napoleon, the ruler of this Netherlands and its colonies, ordered the Dutch Indies Governor H.W. Daendels to increase the defense system of Java Island against British. Daniels built a road, extending about 1000 kilometers from the west coast to the east coast of Java. Since the northern part of West Java at that time was just swamp and marsh, the street was diverted through Bandung. The Great Postweg (now Jalan Asia-Afrika) was laid down in 1810.
There was a narrative when Daendels was walking along the border of CikapundungRiver. He was amazed by the site, where he stood, and he then put a rod at the edge of Cikapundung, and stated “Zorg, datalsikterugkomhiereenstad is gebouwd!” (‘If I encounter again here, a town has to be constructed!’) . Now, it’s the middle of Bandung, the kilometer zero of town. R.A. Wiranatakusumah II, the regent of Bandung regency at that moment, moved its office from Krapyak, at the south, to some place near a set of holy city wells (sumur Bandung), today it’s Alun-Alun (city square). The pendopo faces TangkubanPerahuMountain, who was considered to have a mysterious ambiance.
In 1880, the first main railroad gave a big boost of light industry in Bandung. Chinese that had never lived in that region before consenting in to help operate the services, facilities, and teller machines. Little old Chinatown district in Bandung can nevertheless be recognized in the vicinity of the railroad station. In 1906, Bandung had been given the status of gemeente (municipality) and then later as stadsgemeente (city municipality) in 1926.
Being situated in a lowland region, surrounded by a ring of mountains, Bandung is strategically advantageous for military defense. In the 1930s, the Dutch East Indies authorities had planned to move the capital From Batavia to Bandung. Barracks, the central government construction (Governments Bedrijven, now Nicknamed Gedung Sate) along with other buildings. However, this plan hasn’t been realized since the failure of the Dutch to reclaim Indonesia after World War II.